The European Post-Doctoral Institute for Mathematical Sciences was founded in October 1995 by the The Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (Bures-sur-Yvette, France),
The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences (Cambridge, United Kingdom) and The Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik (Bonn, Germany),
with the common goal to encourage the mobility of young scientists on a European scale.
The founding circle was enlarged in 1998 with the inclusion of the recently created Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik in den Naturwissenschaften Leipzig.
In 1999 a subsequent expansion resulted in the inclusion of the Erwin Schrödinger Institut(Vienna, Austria), the Institut Mittag-Leffler (Djursholm, Sweden) and the Banach Center(Warsaw, Poland).
With the arrival in 2000 of the Centre de Recerca Matemàtica (Barcelona, Spain), and the Forschungsinstitut für Mathematik (Zürich, Switzerland),
the EPDI now has nine European partners engaged in the pursuit of excellence.
In june 2007, the EPDI Directors invited the Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach (MFO) to join the network, offering prospective candidate an enlarged choice for their itinerary.
Following their teleconférence organised in the spring 2014, the EPDI jury voted in favour of the integration of the Alfred Renyi Institute of Mathematics, bringing the number of EPDI institutes to 11.
Since its creation in 1995, the EPDI has run 19 successful calls for proposals: over 60 post-docs in mathematics or theoretical physics undertook scientific work in the research institutes in their area of interest.